MUSIC: gradeS 3 – 4

 

 

I. Elements of Music

 

·         Through participation, become familiar with basic elements of music (rhythm, melody, harmony, form, timbre, etc.).

                  Recognize a steady beat, accents, clap a steady beat and a simple rhythm   

                  pattern.

                  Discriminate between fast and slow; gradually slowing down and getting

                  faster.

                  Discriminate between differences in pitch: high and low

                  Discriminate between loud and quiet; gradually increasing and decreasing

                  volume.

                  Understand legato (smoothly flowing progression of notes) and staccato                              

                        (crisp, distinct notes).

                        Sing unaccompanied, accompanied, and in unison.

                        Recognize harmony.

                        Recognize verse and refrain; also, introduction and coda.

                        Work with timbre and phrasing.

                        Recognize theme and variations, sing simple melodies.

  • Understanding the following notation:

                        Names of lines and spaces in the treble clef

                        Treble clef, staff, bar line, double bar line, measure, repeats signs

                        Whole note, Half note, quarter note, eighth note

                        Whole rest, half rest, quarter rest

                        Sharps, Flats

                        Meter signature : 4/4, 2/4, ¾

                        Quiet   pp   mp   p           loud     mf   f   ff

 

 II. Listening and Understanding

 

 

A.               THE ORCHESTRA

·         Review the orchestra, including families of instruments: strings, brass, woodwinds, percussion and specific instruments, by listening to Benjamin Britten, The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra

·         Become familiar with instruments in the string family – violin, viola, cello, double bass and listen to:

                    Camille Saint-Saëns, from Carnival of the Animals: “The Swan” (cello) and

                    “Elephants” (double bass)

                    Antonio Vivaldi, The Four Seasons (see below, Composers and their music)

 

B.               VOCALRANGES

  • Recognize vocal ranges of the female voice:

High = soprano

Middle = mezzo soprano

Low = alto

  • Recognize vocal ranges of the male voice:

High = tenor

Middle = baritone

Low = bass

 

C.               COMPOSERS AND THEIR MUSIC

·         Johann Sebastian Bach

·         Franz Joseph Haydn

·         Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

 

 

III. Jewish Musical Traditions

A. JEWISH HOLIDAY SONGS

 

·         Chanukah Songs

·         Purim Songs

 

B.  SONGS OF ISRAEL

C.  LISTENING AND UNDERSTANDING

·         Fiddler on the Roof”

·         Songs of the Lubavitcher Chassidism