LANGUAGE aRTS Curriculum

Grade 4

Spelling & Vocabulary

In fourth grade the students move up to the next level of Language Arts. They are now sophisticated users of language. Their vocabulary expands rapidly, much in the same way it did when they were learning to speak.

The students study the structure of words. They are also learning to identify the meaning of common prefixes, root words and suffixes; to identify the meanings of common Greek and Latin roots; to identify playful uses of language; to recognize words with multiple meanings and to determine which meaning is the correct using the context.  Students continue to distinguish between synonyms, antonyms, homophones, and homographs.

Children have been working on antonyms (opposites), homonyms (words that sound alike but have different meanings), and synonyms (different words with common meanings) since second grade. But now they bring it up to the next level, with more complex vocabulary.

 

Grammar

Students in this grade level are able to identify the basic parts of speech including nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions and conjunctions; to construct complete sentences that are neither fragments nor run-ons; to identify verb tenses, to identify correct mechanics (commas, apostrophes, quotation marks etc.)

 

Written & oral experssion

The students write compositions and stories including personal narratives, descriptive paragraphs, a how-to essay, a factual report, realistic story, fable, and persuasive essays.  Students are taught to break writing into small steps and to evaluate it according to specified rubric.  The student is responsible for drafting a composition, re-writing it and orally presenting the final paper to the class for peer evaluation and discussion.

Using writing as a method of learning is introduced. The children learn to take notes on the content they have read. Then they use these notes to write reports and compositions. The abilities to summarize, prioritize and sequence information are mastered. These skills will help the children in all curricular areas though-out their education.

The students begin to prepare and deliver speeches to their classmates. The types of speeches include: an interview, acceptance speech, object and how to speech, panel discussion.