Grade 5


Spelling & Vocabulary

The students will continue to explore prefixes and suffixes. They continue to add vocabulary words to their repertoire. Vocabulary acquisition is an on going process, in third grade children are expected to have mastered approximately 3000 words, but adulthood they should have at least 12,000.



Students are able to use increasingly complex sentence structure. They are able to correct sentence fragments and run-ons independently. The conventions of grammar studied earlier are reinforced and practiced as they learn new vocabulary. 


Written & oral expression

Using their new vocabulary and grammatical skills, the students write the following: personal narratives, descriptive paragraphs, biographic sketch, a character sketch, compare-and-contrast essay, a mystery, fable, letter to the editor and a factual report.

The ability to conduct research for essays and reports is expanded from previous years. Specific attention is paid to understanding the purpose of the research, identifying the main idea, and staying on the subject. The children learn to write a cohesive paper with an introduction and conclusion. They organize their information into sequential paragraphs, that illustrate their main point.

When documenting their research the students learn the basic methods of creating a bibliography and using footnotes, including underlining or using italics for the titles of books.

These papers often provide the materials used for oral presentations.